In the United States, the bail and bond system is a mean through which people who have been arrested are released before they can start hearing their cases. It enables accused person freedom to be out and stay with their family or friends as they attend court until their cases are heard and determined. How did the US Bail start?
The US bail system, developed in England during the Middle Ages has evolved over the years. The Habeas Corpus Act was passed by the English parliament in 1677 and established that terms of bail would be set by magistrates. The United States Constitution was inspired by the 1689 English Bill of Rights. The Eighth Amendment to the constitution was still inspired by this English Bills of Rights.
The Judiciary Act of 1789
The US Bail law is fully rooted in legislation. The 1789 Judiciary act established that all crimes that do not carry a death sentence can be bailed. However, the judge would still allow bail of such crimes at his discretion. However, there are limits on the powers of the judges in setting bail.
The 1966 Us Congress Bail Reform Act
Having remained unchanged since 1789, the US Bail law was changed by the US Congress in 1966 through the 1966 US Congress Bail Reform Act. This bail reform act made it possible for defendants to be released with a small financial burden as possible.
The Bail Reform Act of 1984
This one replaced the 1966 bail reform act. The act stated that a defendant can be held until trial if such a person is deemed to be dangerous to the general public. This law also came up with categories of people who should not be allowed bail due to the kind of offenses committed.